A cataract is a clouding in one’s eye, which usually occurs behind the iris and the pupil. Cataract has been known for the loss of vision for people of the age 40 and beyond, and there are more cases of cataracts compared to macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma combined. If you’re curious or you have an assignment about cataract, consider reading this article. In this article we’re going to discuss several facts about cataracts, make sure to read more to find out more about it.
Cataract surgery is the safest medical procedures
The first fact that we’re going to discuss is how cataract surgery is probably the safest and most common medical procedures in the United States. In case you’re wondering how it goes, cataract surgery is when your deteriorated lens is replaced with a specialized artificial lens called an intraocular lens. And never be ashamed to get cataract surgery, especially when your vision is becoming worse day by day. Since nine out of ten patients had their cataract surgery, why are you still waiting?
Tip: if you have medical insurance make sure to check whether your insurance covers your checkup or medical procedures, doing this will save some money as surgeries can be quite expensive.
Many factors could cause cataracts
Many factors can cause cataract, and besides genetic and increasing age, you might want to watch out for some of these factors. Sun exposure can cause cataract so make sure you wear some sunglasses if you’re going to be outside for the day. Obesity, smoking and drinking alcohol can also increase the risk of cataract, so opt for a healthy diet for your eyes instead.
Tip: specific food has been found to promote good eyesight, such as tuna, oysters, kale, and beans, so opt for these foods instead.
There are different types of cataract
Yes, you’ve read it right, there are different types of cataract, which is subscapular, nuclear and cortical. Nuclear type of cataract is usually related or linked to aging, which the gradual clouding in the eyes happens in the middle of the lens. Meanwhile, people with diabetes have an increased risk to get cortical cataracts instead, which the clouding occurs on the peripheral edge of the lens. Subscapular cataract earn its name as it forms beneath the lens capsule, making it look like a sac, people with diabetes and uses steroid is at an increased risk of having this type of cataract.